What happens when No Confidence Motion is passed?

A No Confidence Motion is a powerful parliamentary tool that allows lawmakers to express their lack of confidence in the ruling government. It is an essential mechanism in a democratic system, providing a means for holding the government accountable for its actions and decisions. When a no-confidence motion is passed, it can trigger significant political consequences and reshape the course of a nation’s governance. In this article, we will explore the process of passing a no-confidence motion, its implications, and the steps that follow.

Understanding the No-Confidence Motion

Definition of a No-Confidence Motion:
A no-confidence motion is a parliamentary motion, where lawmakers formally express their lack of confidence in the current government’s ability to govern effectively.

Initiating the Motion:
The opposition party or coalition typically initiates a no-confidence motion. To be successful, it requires the support of a significant number of members of parliament.

Debating the Motion:
The motion is usually debated in the parliament, allowing both supporters and opponents to present their arguments.

The Process of Passing a No-Confidence Motion

Voting on the Motion:
After the debate, a formal vote is conducted to determine the fate of the government. Lawmakers cast their votes either in favor of the motion or against it.

Simple Majority:
In most parliamentary systems, a no-confidence motion requires a simple majority to pass. If more than half of the lawmakers vote in favor of the motion, it is considered passed.

Immediate Consequences:
Once the motion is passed, the existing government is compelled to resign or dissolve the parliament. The specific process can vary depending on the country’s constitution and legal framework.

Implications of a Successful No-Confidence Motion

Change in Government:
When a no-confidence motion is passed, the incumbent government either resigns or is dismissed from power. This paves the way for the formation of a new government.

Prime Ministerial Resignation:
In parliamentary systems, where the prime minister holds significant power, the successful passage of a no-confidence motion often leads to the prime minister’s resignation.

New Government Formation:
After the government’s resignation, the head of state (President or Monarch, depending on the country) typically invites the leader of the opposition or the leader of the majority coalition to form a new government.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Q1: Can a no-confidence motion be withdrawn after it is initiated?

Yes, in some cases, a no-confidence motion can be withdrawn by the party or coalition that initiated it. This can happen before the actual vote takes place, and the decision to withdraw the motion is usually based on political negotiations or changes in circumstances.

Q2: How often do no-confidence motions succeed in removing a government?

The success rate of no-confidence motions varies from country to country and depends on the political landscape. Some motions result in the fall of the government, while others may fail to pass due to strong support for the ruling party.

Q3: What happens if a new government cannot be formed after the previous one is removed?

If a new government cannot be formed, it may lead to a political crisis. In such situations, the head of state might call for fresh elections to allow the citizens to elect a new parliament.

What happens if no-confidence motion is passed?

Once a no-confidence motion is initiated by the opposition parties, they are granted the opportunity to present their arguments and concerns during the ensuing debate in the Lok Sabha. Following the thorough deliberations, the House proceeds to cast its votes on the motion. For the motion to be successful, it must garner the support of a majority of the members of the Lok Sabha. In the event that the no-confidence motion is passed, it mandates the government to tender its resignation from power.

Is no-confidence motion mentioned in the Constitution?

There is no mention of a No-Confidence motion in the Constitution of India.

How many times no-confidence motion passed in India?

The no-confidence motion moved against the government on Wednesday will be the 28th ever in Lok Sabha with all previous ones having either been defeated or remained inconclusive, data compiled by a think tank shows. PM Narendra Modi and Union minister Piyush Goyal.

What is a no-confidence motion?

For testing this collective responsibility, the rules of Lok Sabha provide a particular mechanism – a motion of no-confidence. Any Lok Sabha MP, who can garner the support of 50 colleagues, can, at any point of time, introduce a motion of no-confidence against the Council of Ministers.

Which PM faced most No Confidence Motion?

Indira Gandhi faced the most number of no-confidence motions in the history of independent India, with 15 motions during her 16-year tenure (1966-77 and then from 1980 to her assassination in October 1984) as prime minister.


A no-confidence motion is a crucial democratic instrument that ensures the government’s accountability and transparency. When passed successfully, it can bring about significant changes in a nation’s political landscape, leading to the formation of a new government. Understanding the process and implications of a no-confidence motion is essential for citizens and lawmakers to actively participate in their country’s governance and hold their leaders responsible for their actions.

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